Korea Productivity Association
생산성논집, Vol.32 no.3 (2018)
유형별 기술혁신활동과 편익의 매개효과가 기업의 고용에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구
Despite the fact that firms' technological innovation activities and strategies can have a significant impact on employment, there is a continuing debate about the impact of technological advances on employment. While there is often concern that workers lose their jobs due to ICT technology and robots, the argument that there is market power to absorb negative effects on employment in the long term, even though technology is replacing labor in the short term exist. Market compensation effects are known to be one of the important mechanisms to explain the impact of innovation on employment. In this study, we try to contribute to this debate by analyzing the mediating effects of the benefits of innovation from innovation on the relationship between technological innovation and employment. For this purpose, we empirically analyzed Korean manufacturing industries based on the Korean Innovation Survey (2010): Manufacturing Sector . In addition, firms' technological innovation activities were divided into product innovation and process innovation, and each effect was subdivided to see differences by type. In terms of methodology, we adopt the three-step estimation model presented in Baron & Kenny (1986) to explain the mediating effect of market reward effects that explain the relationship between technology innovation and employment and the mechanism of relationship between the two. The analytical results were re-verified by Sobel test to confirm the statistical significance of the mediator effect. As a result of the analysis, it can be seen that there are differences in the effects of technological innovation activities on the employment according to the type, and the parameter of acquisition of benefits serves as an important mechanism to explain the increase and decrease of the demand for employment . It is suggested that technological innovation activities of firms can contribute positively to employment growth when they gain benefits from within and outside the organization, such as expanding business opportunities, strengthening their positions, increasing organizational efficiency, and strengthening stability. However, the extent of the effect varied depending on the type of innovation and the type of benefits. In the case of product innovation, the effect of product innovation activity is influenced only by the mediator, because the acquisition of benefits is completely mediated. In the case of process innovation, the effect of process innovation activity is directly influenced by the direct effect Also showed some significant results. In the end, firms' innovation activities and employment are not inversely related, but rather they can increase employment, but they suggest that firms acquire certain benefits through technological innovation, which leads to increased employment when generating derivatives demand . Therefore, the results of this study are meaningful in that it explains the mechanism of the employment effect of technological innovation activity. In order to induce the growth and employment of the company through technological innovation, it is necessary to secure comparative advantage, Expansion of opportunities, and increase in business efficiency. In other words, in order for a company's technology innovation activities to be linked to employment, it must be done in a purpose-oriented manner together with business strategy.